Viscosupplement works as a treatment for arthritis by lubricating the knee joint. Hyaluronic acid is injected into the joint and it’s proven to reduce pain and swelling in any arthritic joint – the knee is just the most commonly treated joint due to wear and tear on this vulnerable joint.
The ends of the bones in a healthy knee joint have a cup of cartilage on the ends which helps them move smoothly against each other. This cartilage has a coating of hyaluronic acid that works as a shock absorber. However, over time this cartilage breaks down and the bones start to scrap against each other in a condition known as osteoarthritis or wear and tear arthritis.
Viscosupplementation works by replacing the hyaluronic acid that has been depleted to help reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis; typically pain, stiffness and lack of mobility.